The Role of Businesses in Promoting the Local Food System and Sustainability in Monteverde.

Authored by:
Vanessa Correa

Vanessa Correa

Written by Shannon Taylor, University of Maryland. Internship on Sustainability and the Environment


Over the past 4 weeks, I have been working alongside other community organizations in Monteverde: CORCLIMA, a climate change resilience commission focused on reducing carbon emissions and making the Monteverde District in Costa Rica more resilient to climate change; the Monteverde Institute, a local non-profit organization; and the Belmar Hotel, in working towards the ultimate goal of building a local directory of food producers (a phone application) in the Monteverde Zone. I created a recommendation brief based on a survey I created and implemented to assess the perspective of local businesses about their food buying habits and what they would like to see in a directory of local food producers. By promoting local food consumption, we hope to change the economy of Monteverde from one focused on the mass export and import of food products to one focused on local food production and consumption. This will work to lower Monteverde’s overall contribution to Climate Change. Food transportation contributes large amounts of CO2 to global greenhouse gas emissions, and the less food has to move, both from country to country, and around Costa Rica itself, the better for the future of climate change.

Socializing information at the Centro Comunitario in San Luis

I was interested in this internship because I believe that a move away from industrialized, globalized food production towards decentralized local production is the key to a sustainable future. Local food production is not only environmentally more sustainable but also can provide economic sustainability for communities in lower-income countries, such as Costa Rica. I also highly believe in the power of grassroots, community based environmental change. This internship allowed me to work on community-based research: something I would be interested in pursuing in my future career.

Through this internship, and the guidance of my supervisor Allison Cantor, I was able to develop many important, and some unexpected skills. I learned how to create and implement a standardized survey, analyze data using descriptive statistics, and got further experience writing a research report. The unexpected benefits came, however, from bettering my Spanish by giving surveys to local businesses in Spanish and increasing my confidence in surveying people I’ve never met before. I learned to watch out for the little quirks and idiosyncrasies of those I’m interviewing and use those to better understand people’s responses to my questions and where they might be coming from.

Explaining about the circular economy

I am excited to have my work contribute to a larger project. I have been able to send my recommendation to the staff at Corclima and the Monteverde Institute, who will be able to utilize my results in the creation of a directory of local food producers. This directory will hopefully usher in a new circular economy into the Monteverde area. A quick definition of a circular economy is: as an economy that “turn goods that are at the end of their service life into resources for others, closing loops in industrial ecosystems and minimizing waste” (Stahel, 2016).  A circular economy is more sustainable then the linear economy Monteverde currently has

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