Industry-Specific Guidelines (Training Plan)

Certain industries are subject to additional rules when designing a training plan for their international intern or trainee. Click on your industry to see specific requirements. If you need assistance determining which industry your host organization falls within, please contact us.

Agriculture/Farming

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DURATION: Maximum duration for training in these fields is 12 months. For Professional Career Training USA, a duration of longer than 12 months is only permitted when the training includes 6 months of related classroom learning.

Agricultural training tasks that CIEE can accept:

  • Interns and trainees may learn about rotational grazing methods, irrigation management methods, sustainable farming practices, small organic farming methods, seed genetics and breeding, and small farm or ranch business management practices

Agricultural training tasks that CIEE severely limits*:

  • Assisting with the selling of farm produce/products at farmers’ markets/farm stands.
  • Assisting with minor animal activities (animal exercise, training, grooming, feeding, tacking up a horse)

*These tasks are permitted only:

  • For a maximum of 10% of the phase.
  • When they are essential to understanding higher-level skills and tasks later in the training.
  • When under constant supervision of a qualified employee.

Agricultural training tasks that CIEE cannot accept*:

  • Activities requiring manual labor such as mucking stalls, hauling water, bailing hay, mending fences, and mowing
  • Harrowing or harvesting large fields
  • Operation of combines, tractors, or other farming equipment
  • Transportation of equipment for long distances on trucks
  • Animal care or medical treatment of animals (including de-worming, vaccinating, and trimming hooves)
  • Animal husbandry (including prenatal care, birthing, and breeding)
  • Milking animals
  • Riding horses
  • Assisting, leading, and instructing customers/guests in riding horses
  • Leading horseback riding tours

*Intern and trainees may observe an employee engaged in these tasks if they constitute less than 10% of a phase and only when they are essential to understanding higher-level skills and tasks later in their training.

Construction

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Training tasks that CIEE can accept:

  • Project management
  • Scheduling projects
  • Budgeting
  • Drafting
  • Meeting with contractors
  • Blue print development/reading
  • Surveying
  • Safety/land regulations
  • Inspection procedures
  • Supply ordering and inventory
  • Client management
  • Communication on project progress
  • Invoicing

Training tasks that CIEE cannot accept for any period of time*:

  • Operation of heavy machinery
  • Participation as labor on a work crew, including but not limited to:
    • Digging holes
    • Mixing concrete
    • Transportation of materials​
  • Crew management
  • Scaffolding or any other labor that takes place high off the ground, including roof work and climbing ladders

*Interns and trainees may observe an employee engaged in the above tasks if those tasks constitute less than 10% of any phase and only when this observation is essential to understanding higher-level skills and tasks later in their training.  Additionally, participants must always be accompanied by a qualified supervisor on the job site.

Education

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Education training tasks that CIEE can accept:

  • Curriculum development
  • Lesson plan development
  • Classroom observation
  • Scheduling, budgeting, and forecasting for the upcoming academic year
  • Preparation of teaching materials
  • Attendance at PTA or school board meetings
  • Training related to scheduling/preparation of in-service days

Education training tasks that CIEE cannot accept:

  • Teaching or instructing of any kind (any age)
  • Acting as a teacher’s aide
  • Acting as a student chaperone or caregiver
  • Providing discipline

Health Care

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CIEE will consider applications for participants to train in clinical care facilities if the proposed training is focused on business, operations, or learning laboratory research methods and leaves no opportunity for patient contact or training that would result in patient diagnosis.

Healthcare training tasks that CIEE cannot accept:

  • Client assessment or care
  • Administration of medications or medical procedures
  • Patient or client interaction
  • Conducting physical and therapeutic intervention
  • Restraining or monitoring clients/patients
  • Counseling or therapy
  • Coaching
  • Nutrition counseling or consulting
  • Assisting clients with meals, housekeeping, transportation, or hygiene
  • Any activities in which interns or trainees may find themselves in situations where they must deliver clinical and/or therapeutic services or perform unskilled labor

Additional notes: 

  • Interns and trainees should not have access to client Social Security numbers.
  • Training in the fields of clinical care, exercise training, physical therapy, or veterinary care must be observation-based. The intern or trainee should not be responsible for the care and health of individuals or animals.
  • If the host organization would like to move forward with training after agreeing to these limitations, CIEE may ask the host organization supervisor to sign a waiver indicating the host organization’s understanding of program regulations before CIEE can approve the application.

Hospitality

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Hotels
Host organizations must have broad operations that facilitate a comprehensive training program in the hospitality field. Training programs must include rotation through different roles in different departments such as budgeting, marketing, management, and scheduling. Hotels with at least a three-star/three-diamond rating (as determined by AAA and/or Mobil Travel) tend to meet these requirements, although not in every case.

In addition, to qualify as a host organization, the property must provide extended amenities like concierge services, banquets/events, restaurant services, etc. Amenities like gyms, pools, and continental breakfast service typically do not fulfill the extended amenities requirement.

Restaurants
Host organizations must be fine dining establishments that offer amenities such as wine pairings, multi-course offerings, and rotating menus. Training programs must include rotation through a variety of skills and must show that the intern or trainee is not only learning the task but understanding how it fits into the overall success of the business. Interns and trainees are encouraged to learn about budgeting, menu planning, management, and scheduling.

Hospitality management
To qualify for hospitality management, training programs must focus on back-of-house type roles such as marketing, finance, and/or business operations. (Please note: Only programs that are made up entirely of these roles may qualify for a duration longer than 12 months.)

Training phases
CIEE requires the following number of training phases based on the type and duration of the training program:

 

Intern Hospitality* Trainee Hospitality* Trainee: Hospitality Management***
Duration Number of Phases Number of Phases Number of Phases

0-3 months

1+

1+

1+

3-6 months

1+

2+

2-3+

6-12 months

3+

3+

2-3+

Over 12 months

N/A

N/A

3+

*Each phase in a hospitality internship should not last more than six months. A phase in housekeeping should not last more than six weeks, with a maximum of two weeks cleaning and/or inspecting rooms.
**Hospitality internships and training programs are limited to 12 months. 
***It is extremely rare for CIEE to approve an application for a hospitality management trainee for more than 12 months.

Additional notes

  • Hospitality training plans must include less than 10% of the following activities and can only be included in training when it is needed in order to complete or comprehend higher-level tasks:
    • Busing tables
    • Acting as a restaurant host
    • Cleaning guest rooms
    • Night audit/bookkeeping
  • CIEE cannot accept training of any length in the following departments:
    • Spas
    • Valet/bellhop
    • Maintenance
    • Security
  • Interns and trainees cannot make decisions about hiring or firing and they cannot be responsible for supervising, evaluating, or disciplining staff or other interns and trainees.

Oenology, Viticulture, Wine Distribution

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Training tasks that CIEE can accept:

  • Developing harvesting calendars
  • Fermentation management
  • Blending
  • The study of health and sanitation standards
  • Laboratory analyses and quality control
  • Marketing, finance, and/or inventory management

Training tasks that CIEE can accept when limited to no more than 10% of a phase *:

  • Pruning vines
  • Harvesting
  • Participation in wine tastings/samplings
  • Receiving and weighing grapes
  • De-stemming and sorting grapes
  • Watering and irrigation
  • Cleaning tanks/barrels
  • Retail tasks such as assisting customers, labeling merchandise, etc.

*Tasks permitted only when they are essential to understanding higher-level skills and tasks later in the training.

Trainee program length
Trainee may apply for an 18-month program as long as six months of the program are spent in related, non-credited classroom work provided or coordinated by the host organization.

Retail

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Training programs in the retail industry must be management-focused. Examples include training in areas such as human resources, accounting, opening/closing procedures, staffing practices, merchandising, sales analysis, budgeting, and retail buying practices.

Retail training tasks that CIEE cannot accept:

  • Retail sales, including operating a cash register and assisting customers
  • Conducting in-store demos
  • Stocking shelves
  • Inventory management
  • Folding clothes
  • Labeling merchandise

Multiple-location retail companies
Training must take place at headquarters. In some cases, it may be possible to have a phase where the intern or trainee is involved in a retail location to learn what is associated with management of a store, but this phase should be limited to a maximum of 1 month.

Single-location retail companies
Training programs at single-location retail establishments are rarely approved. CIEE must ensure that each intern’s or trainee’s program has a broad scope and is in-depth. Single-location retail establishments typically can’t provide that kind of training.

Sales

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Sales training tasks that CIEE can accept:

  • Forecasting
  • Budgeting
  • Sales analyses
  • Presentation creation
  • Client presentations (under supervision)
  • Learning how to pitch sales
  • Learning how to close sales
  • Conducting "warm" sales calls
  • Client management
  • Order tracking and inventory
  • Learning sales management tools
  • Attending client meetings (under supervision)

Sales training tasks that CIEE cannot accept for any period of time:

  • Commission sales
  • Sales quotas as part of evaluations and/or compensation
  • Cold calls and direct sales
  • Independent representation of the host organization on sales calls

Additional notes:

  • Off-site sales calls must always be accompanied by a qualified supervisor.
  • Sales training must be at a high level so that the participant learns about the sales process (rather than simply making sales).

Social Services

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Social services training tasks that CIEE can accept:

  • Social work research and policy (unpublished)
  • Volunteer management (observation-based only; direct management is prohibited)
  • Community outreach
  • Social and human services that help social workers, healthcare workers, and other professionals providing services to people
  • Social work administration and operations (must be limited to no more than 10% unskilled tasks, which include filing, answering phones, data entry, etc.; only permitted when essential for higher-level training)

Social services training tasks that CIEE cannot accept:

  • Child care work
  • Residential support services
  • Residential direct care work
  • Autism case work
  • Host parent in therapeutic group homes and/or foster care
  • Patient or client contact
  • Conducting physical and therapeutic intervention
  • Restraining or monitoring clients/patients
  • Counseling or therapy
  • Assisting clients with meals, housekeeping, transportation, or hygiene
  • Performing unskilled social service labor 
  • Administration of medication
  • Any activities in which interns or trainees may find themselves in situations where they must deliver clinical and/or therapeutic services or perform unskilled labor
     

Prohibited sites of activity
Interns and trainees are prohibited from training in social services facilities such as those listed below, regardless of the nature of training:

  • Juvenile justice facilities
  • Residential facilities for children and adults with developmental disabilities and/or emotional disorders
  • Residential therapeutic facilities
  • Nursing homes
  • Homeless shelters
  • Crisis facilities

If the host organization would like to move forward with training after agreeing to these limitations, CIEE may ask the host organization supervisor to sign a waiver indicating the host organization’s understanding of program regulations before CIEE approves the application.

Sports & Nutrition

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Nutrition tasks that CIEE can accept:

  • Nutrition business management (budgeting, purchasing, planning)
  • Nutritional menu planning & curriculum creation
  • Organizing health-focused promotions and events
  • Food science research and writing
  • Nutritional information creation and quality assurance for food manufacturers
  • Food product development

Sports medicine and/or management tasks CIEE can accept:

  • Sports medicine business management
  • Sports and fitness laboratory research
  • Fitness and exercise plan creation and curriculum development
  • Sports teams business management
  • Sporting events planning and organizing

Tasks CIEE cannot accept:

  • Coaching, personal training, or exercise training
  • Nutrition counseling or consulting
  • Physical therapy
  • Gym reception tasks

Additional notes

  • Training cannot take place on the gym floor or at a reception desk. However, CIEE will consider applications for training in an office of the gym if it is separate from the gym floor and the training focuses on approved tasks (as listed above).
  • There can be a 2-week observation-only period where the intern or trainee shadows a supervisor providing personal training to clients on the gym floor if the remainder of the training takes place in an office setting.
  • Interns and trainees can shadow a supervisor providing nutritional counseling, but this must be observation-only.