IFDS participants should be active or retired faculty and/or administrators at two- or four-year institutions of higher education. In order to facilitate an interdisciplinary exploration of seminar themes, applicants from all academic concentrations are encouraged to apply. Participants do not need to be experts on the seminar topic or region. Applications from education professionals and independent scholars at other levels or types of institutions are considered on a case-by-case basis. Non-participating spouses and family members are not permitted to accompany participants on IFDS.